When the middle ages or medieval times are mentioned you probably think about diseases and illnesses. This is probably because lots of the diseases we have today originated from medieval times, e.g gout or measles. The thing is it was much worse back then because they didn't have the proper cures for the diseases. Diseases were often easily spread throughout the towns because of the peasants little knowledge of contageous diseases. In early medieval times people didn't even look at the diseases as ilnesses they thought it was witch-craft or a punishment from god for doing the wrong thing.
Here is a run through of some of the diseases.


Symptoms of the measles are runny nose, dry coughing, high fever, sensitive eyes and in rare cases can cause brain damage. Nine out of ten people who come in contact with the virus will catch the disease. But most people will get better on their own,about one of of ten people die. measles started as an animal disease, probably related to distemper (a disease found in dogs). Because people lived with dogs, at some point it evolved to attack people as well. This would have happened around the time that people began living in cities, because the measles virus needs a big population to keep it going (Otherwise it dies out).

Puerperal fever

Puerperal fever is also named childbed fever. It's symptoms include chills, high fevers, abdominal pain, nausea, possible spread of infection to the whole body and the majority of it's victims become infertile.

Typhoid Fever

Typhoid Fever brings diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever to 105 degrees celcius, blinding headaches, coughs and exhaustion. It is spread by the exposure of people with typhoid fever's faeces


The symptoms of smallpox were high fever, chills, severe headaches and backaches. The smallpox usually killed it's victims in the second week after the disease had fully spread to the whole body. Smallpox was a very serious disease. Many people died of it. Smallpox caused little bumps on your skin, like chickenpox but much more serious. About two to five of every ten people who got smallpox died of it. There was (and is still) no treatment that worked.

The Bubonic Plague

The bubonic plague had many horrible symptoms some are: swelling of the limbs, aching of joints, headaches, nausea, spread of infection to whole body, vomiting, fever too 100 degrees celsius and victims skin turned a shade of dark purple.


There are 4 stages of gout that appears in people with the illness.
1.Asymptomatic. (No symptoms just acid building up)
2.Acute (Small attacks)
3.Intercritical (No symptoms)
4.Chronic (Frequent attacks)

Swelling of joints
Stiffness of entire body
The big toe is usually effected first.

Ringworm (Also Called Dermatophytid Or Tinea)

Ringworm causes itching, skin rashes, blistering, red patches (the patches often have sharply defined edges which resmble rings), if beard or scalp is infected bald patches will appear and if nails are infected they often grow thin, discolour and crumble.